A randomized clinical trial of hyaluronic acid gel pulpotomy in primary molars with 1 year follow-up
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CitationIldeş, G. Ç., Sezgin, B. I., Vieira, A. R., & Mentes, A. (2021). A randomized clinical trial of hyaluronic acid gel pulpotomy in primary molars with 1 year follow-up. Acta odontologica Scandinavica, 1–8. Advance online publication. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00016357.2021.1998612
Abstract Objective: This randomized clinical study aimed to evaluate the success of hyaluronic acid (HA) as a pulpotomy medicament of human primary molars and to compare it with formocresol (FC) and ferric sulphate (FS) pulpotomy treatments up to 12 months. Materials and methods: The study was conducted with 130 primary molars of 44 children. The ethical approval and registration to clinical trials (No: NCT04115358) were completed. After the removal of all the coronal pulp tissue, a 0.5% HA gel, or a FC, or a 20% FS solution were applied randomly to the radicular pulp tissues of the primary molars. Then, the pulp chambers were filled with a zinc oxide eugenol cement and restored either with a composite filling material or with a stainless-steel crown. The treatment success rates of the 3 groups were followed and compared clinically and radiographically at 1st-, 3rd-, 6th- and 12th-months. Results: Primary molars treated with FC, FS and HA dressings were clinically successful 77.5%, 86.8% and 87.5% respectively after 12th-month follow-up (p > .05). Radiographic successes of FC, FS and HA groups were lower than clinical successes (57.6%, 68.8%, 57.9% respectively at the 12th-month) but the difference between the groups was not statistically significant (p > .05). Equivalence analysis assuming not more than 10% difference between the materials suggested that HA was not inferior to FC or FS. Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, our randomized clinical trial shows that HA is a promising pulpotomy medicament in primary molars. However, further studies are justified to further improve the HA material success.